Description:

Turku is the 6th largest city in Finland. It is located in the southwest coast, at the mouth of the Aura River. The climate ranges anywhere from -30 degrees Celsius in winter to +30 degrees Celsius in summer. The city is mostly flat with some hills and a main river in the centre. The city is long and narrow, making it 50 km from the edge of the city to city hall in the North-South direction, and only 14 km in the direction East-West.

Turku is a city that has a lot of potential to progress their urban cycling. There are already all types of cyclists present in the city. Future plans include better cycling infrastructure (i.e. bike sharing system and better cycling lanes). Even though there are dedicated bicycle paths, some cyclists still ride on the sidewalk. This could be out of habit, lack of infrastructure, or an unsafe feeling from the existing infrastructure. The network of cycling paths should be consistent and continuous. In addition, winter climate in Finland can be a challenge for cycling. Therefore, snow removal from cycling lanes and sheltered bicycle parking should be in the focus area of the city’s cycling plans. Out of the three competency levels, orgware would be the first to focus on. If the city has a dedicated budget and person in charge of decisions, the other two areas would have the support to improve.

Modal split of cycling: 11%
Average length of trips made within the city: Less than 2.5km

Hardware:
"Most of the cyclists in Turku ride on the dedicated cycling paths. The city has approximately 450km of cycling lanes, some of which are segregated from car traffic. Bicycle parking is present near the station, businesses, and shops. There is no green wave technology - however, some traffic lights have sensors for bicycles to give them the green light. Cyclists and tourists can rent public bicycles form the library or the museums; and the city is currently planning a bike sharing scheme. "
Software:
There are all types of cyclists in Turku. Both men and women, commuters, students, tourists (summer) and recreational cyclists. Many children cycle to school, however grades 1 and 2 are not allowed to cycle. Cycling lessons are provided in the schools. There is mobility advice for citizens to help with cycling questions; and the city provides a detailed map of cycling network that is available online. Currently Finland has a law that it is mandatory for cyclists to wear a helmet, although the law is not heavily enforced and cyclists do not receive a fine if they do not wear a helmet. There is a yearly bike ride, but increasing the events could bring more awareness to urban cycling.
Orgware:
There are all types of cyclists in Turku. Both men and women, commuters, students, tourists (summer) and recreational cyclists. Many children cycle to school, however grades 1 and 2 are not allowed to cycle. Cycling lessons are provided in the schools. There is mobility advice for citizens to help with cycling questions; and the city provides a detailed map of cycling network that is available online. Currently Finland has a law that it is mandatory for cyclists to wear a helmet, although the law is not heavily enforced and cyclists do not receive a fine if they do not wear a helmet. There is a yearly bike ride, but increasing the events could bring more awareness to urban cycling.